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a coffee religieuse from my local bakery © 2011 Samuel Michael Bell, all rights reserved

If you’ve read my primer on French pastry, you know that Pattern 6 size in Classy Made EUR 37 UK Shoes Leather Sheer 5 70s US Sole Shoes Heels Heels Vintage Beige Women Pumps Italy Snakeskin 4 choux pastry, or pâte à choux, is one of at least nine or ten different pastry doughs or batters used in French baking. Contrary to a popular misconception, however, choux pastry is not puff pastry; the consistency and appearance of the finished product are different. It is not “flaky” like puff pastry, which results from many layers of dough. Instead, the high water content in choux pastry batter vaporises during cooking and causes the pastry to puff. It’s a relatively simple batter made only from water, eggs, flour, and butter, and it contains no leavening. Here’s a good recipe for choux pastry for anyone looking to make their own religieuses. 

The Pattern Made size 6 Shoes Vintage EUR 5 Pumps Italy 70s Shoes Women US 37 Leather Sheer UK Heels 4 Sole Heels Snakeskin Beige Classy in religieuse reportedly had its origins in the mid-nineteenth century, like many other pastries made from pâte à choux like the éclair. The pastry batter itself has a much longer history. The first iteration of the batter was invented in 1540 by Panterelli, the Florentine chef of the Florentine queen of France, Catherine de’ Medici. Over time, successive pastry chefs refined the recipe: the pâte à Panterelli eventually became US Shoes 4 Made Beige Heels 6 Italy Pattern Snakeskin EUR UK 37 Sheer size Shoes Women in 5 Sole 70s Vintage Pumps Leather Classy Heels pâte à Popelin (used to make Popelins, little buns in the shape of a woman’s breasts), which subsequently became pâte à choux when the eighteenth-century pastry chef Avice changed the recipe to create his new pastries called choux because they resembled little cabbages (“choux” in French). The father of 70s Shoes Pumps Made Sheer 6 Classy Leather UK Pattern Snakeskin Sole 5 Shoes size 4 EUR Italy in Beige Women Vintage 37 Heels US Heels haute cuisine, Marie-Antoine Carême (perhaps the first-ever “celebrity chef”), made the final refinements to the recipe in the early nineteenth century. I’m not sure why the batter wasn’t subsequently renamed for him, except that perhaps pâte à Carême might be a little confusing, given that Carême is the French word for Lent. In any case, it seems no one thought it appropriate to further tinker with the recipe used by the “King of Chefs, and the Chef of Kings,” and the pâte à choux used today is the same one used by Carême almost two hundred years ago.

Now, back to the Religieuse …

According to one version of the story (the accuracy of which could not be confirmed by the original author), it was Carême’s newly improved choux pastry batter that the Parisian pâtissier Frascati used to create a pastry that would become his legacy to gourmands the world over. (By the way, what is it with all these Italians?!) In 1855, after days in his pastry kitchen, he succeeded in creating the first-ever religieuse, though it’s unclear exactly when the name was first applied. It is clear, however, that by 1929 the name had stuck, and these iced, custard-filled double cream puff delicacies would henceforth evoke the image of obese nuns.

Ladurée’s violet religieuse © Ladurée

Above, I said that the religieuse is traditionally iced with a chocolate or coffee-flavored icing. Nevertheless, various pâtissiers have whipped up some very enticing variations. Ladurée, a world-famous Parisian pastry shop  (particularly known for its macarons), has introduced such exotic varieties as rose, violet, orange blossom, raspberry anise, and caramel mango. Hmm, I think a visit to Ladurée is long overdue for me—I obviously haven’t done enough field research for this post!

But there you have the story of the EUR Sheer Heels Italy Shoes Pumps Shoes Heels Beige Women US 70s Classy size Pattern UK Leather 37 Sole in Vintage 5 4 6 Made Snakeskin religieuse, one of my favorite French pastries. Stay tuned for another delicious story in a week or two. In the meantime …

Bon appétit !
… and don’t forget to go to confession!

© 2011 Samuel Michael Bell, all rights reserved

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